Mast Producing Trees and Shrubs Native To North America

Mast Producing Trees and Shrubs Native To North America

Native mast-producing trees and shrubs are among the most valuable and multipurpose plants for North American landscapes, producing food, shelter, and many other valuable products and services for humans and wildlife alike.

Selecting which species of mast-producing tree or shrub to plant can be a challenge for inexperienced gardeners and landowners, so this site includes profiles of many of the most popular families and species.

The following is a sampling of native North American trees, shrubs, and woody vines that produce hard or soft mast, listed alphabetically by scientific name.

For beauty, productivity, and overall benefit to humans and wildlife, the top mast-producing trees and shrubs native to North America include:

Additional mast-producing trees and shrubs native to North America include:

  • Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
  • White baneberry (Actaea pachypoda)
  • Buckeye family (Aesculus sp.)
  • Mariposa manzanita (Arctostaphylos manzanita)
  • Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  • Hackberry family (Celtis sp.)
  • Dogwood family (Cornus sp.)
  • Downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis)
  • American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
  • Black crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)
  • American beech (Fagus grandifloria)
  • Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • Wintergreen family (Gaultheria sp.)
  • Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos )
  • Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
  • Common winterberry (Ilex verticilatta)
  • Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • American spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  • Hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hispidula)
  • Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium)
  • Southern Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus vitacea)
  • Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)
  • Alderleaf buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)
  • California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica)
  • Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)
  • American black currant (Ribes americanum)
  • Canadian gooseberry (Ribes oxyacanthoides)
  • Virginia Rose (Rosa virgininana)
  • Soapberry (Shepherdia canadensis)
  • Blue witch nightshade (Solanum umbelliferum)
  • Mountain ash family (Sorbus americana)
  • Snowberry (Symphoricarpus albus)
  • American elm (Ulmus americana)
  • Wild grape (Vitus riparia)

Certain non-native but naturalized mast-producing trees and shrubs are also highly beneficial to humans and wildlife. You can find our top choices at The Best Non-Native Mast-Producing Trees and Shrubs.

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Image credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kubina/152730526/