Mast Producing Trees and Shrubs Native To North America

Mast Producing Trees and Shrubs Native To North America

Native mast-producing trees and shrubs are among the most valuable and multipurpose plants for North American landscapes, producing food, shelter, and many other valuable products and services for humans and wildlife alike.

Selecting which species of mast-producing tree or shrub to plant can be a challenge for inexperienced gardeners and landowners, so this site includes profiles of many of the most popular families and species.

The following is a sampling of native North American trees, shrubs, and woody vines that produce hard or soft mast, listed alphabetically by scientific name:

  • Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
  • White baneberry (Actaea pachypoda)
  • Buckeye family (Aesculus sp.)
  • Serviceberry family (Amelanchier sp.)
  • Mariposa manzanita (Arctostaphylos manzanita)
  • Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
  • Aronia family (Aronia sp.)
  • Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
  • Hickory family (Carya sp.)
  • American chestnut (Castanea dentata)
  • Hackberry family (Celtis sp.)
  • Dogwood family (Cornus sp.)
  • Hazelnut family (Corylus sp.)
  • Downy hawthorn (Crataegus mollis)
  • American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana)
  • Black crowberry (Empetrum nigrum)
  • American beech (Fagus grandifloria)
  • Green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
  • Wintergreen family (Gaultheria sp.)
  • Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos )
  • Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia)
  • Common winterberry (Ilex verticilatta)
  • Walnut family (Juglans sp.)
  • Eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
  • American spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
  • Hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hispidula)
  • Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium)
  • Crabapple family (Malus sp.)
  • Mulberry family (Morus sp.)
  • Southern Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
  • Black gum (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus vitacea)
  • Jack pine (Pinus banksiana)
  • Prunus family (Prunus sp.)
  • Oak family (Quercus sp.)
  • Alderleaf buckthorn (Rhamnus alnifolia)
  • California coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica)
  • Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)
  • American black currant (Ribes americanum)
  • Canadian gooseberry (Ribes oxyacanthoides)
  • Virginia Rose (Rosa virgininana)
  • Blackberry family (Rubus sp.)
  • Elderberry family (Sambucus sp.)
  • Soapberry (Shepherdia canadensis)
  • Blue witch nightshade (Solanum umbelliferum)
  • Mountain ash family (Sorbus americana)
  • Snowberry (Symphoricarpus albus)
  • American elm (Ulmus americana)
  • Blueberry family (Vaccinium sp.)
  • Viburnum family (Viburnum sp.)
  • Wild grape (Vitus riparia)

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